CMB Experiments

Space Based
Experiment Description Year Data
Products
COBE COBE (Cosmic Background Explorer) was developed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center to measure the diffuse infrared and microwave radiation from the early universe. 1989-1993 DATA
Planck Planck is the third Medium-Sized Mission (M3) of ESA's Horizon 2000 Scientific Program. The basic scientific goal of the Planck mission is to measure CMB anisotropies at all angular scales larger than 5 to 10 arcminutes over the entire sky with a precision of ~2 parts per million. 2010-Present N/A
Relikt Relikt-1 on Prognoz 9 mapped the sky at 37 GHz with an angular resolution of 5.5 degrees and a temperature resolution of 0.2 mK. 1983-1984 N/A
SPOrt SPOrt (Sky Polarization Observatory) is a planned International Space Station experiment, initended to measure the sky polarization in the frequency range 20-90 GHz. Future N/A
WMAP WMAP (Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe) was designed to determine the geometry, content, and evolution of the universe via a 13 arcminute FWHM resolution full sky map of the temperature anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. 2001-2010 DATA

 

CMB Anisotropy Experiments
Links to Project Website Data
At
LAMBDA
Full
Name
Year Status Frequ-
ency
(GHz)
Detectors Polariz-
ation
Values
Type
AMiBA - Array for Microwave Background Anisotropy  2007-date
2007-date
continues 90 - Yes Ground
ACBAR Power Spectra Arcminute Cosmology Bolometer Array Receiver  2001-2008
2001-2008
continues 150, 219, 274 Bolometer No Ground
APACHE - Antarctic Plateau Anisotropy CHasing Experiment  1995-1996
1995-1996
completed 100, 150, 250 Bolometer No Ground
Archeops Power Spectra N/A  1999-2002
1999-2002
completed 143, 217, 353, 545 Bolometer Yes Balloon
ARGO - N/A  1988, 1990, 1993
1988, 1990, 1993
completed 150-600 Bolometer No Balloon
BOOMERanG Power Spectra Balloon Observations Of Millimetric Extragalactic Radiation and Geophysics  1997-2003
1997-2003
completed 90-420 Bolometer Yes Balloon
FIRS - Far Infra- Red Survey  1989
1989
completed 170-680 Bolometer No Balloon
MAXIMA Power Spectra and Sky Maps Millimeter Anisotropy eXperiment Imaging Array  1995, 1998, 1999
1995, 1998, 1999
completed 150-420 Bolometer No Balloon
MBI-B - Millimeter-Wave Bolometric Interferometer - future 90 Bolometer Yes Ground
MSAM Power Spectra Medium Scale Anisotropy Measurement  1992-1997
1992-1997
completed 150-650 Bolometer No Balloon
PIQUE - Princeton I, Q, and U Experiment  2002
2002
completed 90 Bolometer Yes Balloon
Polatron - N/A - cancelled 100 Bolometer Yes Ground
TopHat - N/A  2002-2004
2002-2004
completed 150-720 Bolometer No Balloon
ACT INFO Atacama Cosmology Telescope  2008-date
2008-date
continues 148, 218, 277 Bolometer No Ground
BICEP - Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization  2005-2008
2005-2008
completed 100, 150, 220 Bolometer - Ground
SPT INFO South Pole Telescope  2007-date
2007-date
continues - Bolometer - Ground
QUaD DATA Quest (Q and U Extra-Galactic Sub-mm Telescope) at DASI (Degree Angular Scale Interferomete)  2005-2010
2005-2010
completed 100, 150 Bolometer Yes Ground
EBEX - The E and B Experiment - future 150-450 Bolometer Yes Balloon
Clover - N/A - cancelled 97, 150 and 230 Bolometer Yes Ground
POLARBEAR - POLARization of Background microwave Radiation  2012-date
2012-date
future 90-240 Bolometer Yes Ground
Python - N/A  1992-1997
1992-1997
completed 30-90 Bolometer/ HEMT No Ground
ACME/ HACME - Advanced Cosmic Microwave Explorer/ HEMT+ACME  1988-1996
1988-1996
completed 26-35 and 38-45 HEMT No Ground
ATCA - Australia Telescope Compact Array  1991-1997
1991-1997
completed 8.7 HEMT No Ground
CG - Cosmological Gene  1997-date
1997-date
continues 0.6 to 32 HEMT No Ground
DASI Power Spectra Degree Angular Scale Interferometer  2001-2003
2001-2003
completed 26-36,in 10 bands HEMT Yes Ground
POLAR - Polarization Observations of Large Angular Regions  2000
2000
continues 26-46 HEMT Yes Ground
SK - Saskatoon  1993-1995
1993-1995
completed 26-46 HEMT Yes Ground
Tenerife - N/A  1984-2000
1984-2000
completed 10, 15, 33 HEMT No Ground
BEAST - Background Emission Anisotropy Scanning Telescope  2000-date
2000-date
continues 25-35 and 38-45 HEMT No Balloon, Ground
QUIET - QU Imaging ExperimenT  2008-2010
2008-2010
future 40, 90 HEMT Yes Ground
KUPID - KU-band Polarization IDentifier  2003-date
2003-date
continues 12-18 HEMT Yes Ground
COSMOSOMAS - The experiment consists in two twin instruments (COSMO11 and COSMO15).One OF them (COSMO11) permits TO measure polarization.  1998-date
1998-date
Continues 10-18 HEMT Ground
QMASK Power Spectra and Sky Maps QMAP and Saskatoon (SK) Data Combination  1993-1996
1993-1996
completed 26-46 HEMT,HEMT/SIS - -
MAT - Mobile Anisotropy Telescope  1997, 1998
1997, 1998
completed 30-140 HEMT/SIS No Ground
QMAP Sky Maps N/A  1996
1996
completed 30-140 HEMT/SIS No Balloon
AMI Arcminute MicroKelvin Imager  2005-date
2005-date
continues 12-18 Interferometer No Ground
CAT - Cosmic Anisotropy Telescope  1994-1997
1994-1997
completed 13-17 Interferometer/ HEMT No Ground
CBI Power Spectra Cosmic Background Imager  2002-2008
2002-2008
continues 26-36,in 10 channels Interferometer/ HEMT No Ground
VSA Power Spectra Very Small Array  2002-2004
2002-2004
completed 26-36 Interferometer/ HEMT No Ground
BAM - Balloon- borne Anisotropy Measurement  1995
1995
completed 110-250 Liquid-helium cooled, Fourier transform spectrometer No Balloon
CAPMAP Power Spectra Cosmic Anisotropy Polarization MAPper  2002-2008
2002-2008
continues 90 and 40 MMIC/ HEMT Yes Ground
BaR-SPOrt - Balloon-borne Radiometers for Sky Polarisation Observations - cancelled 32, 90 Polarizer/OMT Yes Balloon
MINT - Millimeter INTerferometer - future 150 SIS No Ground
BIMA - Berkeley Illinois Maryland Associations  1986-2004
1986-2004
completed 70-116, and 210-270 SIS - Ground
CMB Spectrum Experiments
ARCADE Sky Maps Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Diffuse Emission  2001-2006
2001-2006
continues 3, 5, 7, 10, 30, 90 HEMT No Balloon
Sunyaev-Zeldovich Effect Experiments
SuZIE - Sunyaev- Zeldovich Infrared Experiment  1996-date
1996-date
continues 150, 220, 350 Bolometer No Ground
APEX-SZ - Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment  2007-date
2007-date
continues 150, 217 Bolometer No Ground
MUSTANG MUltiplexed Squid/Tes Array for Ninety Gigahertz  2007-date
2007-date
continues 90 Bolometer no Ground
MUSTANG2 MUltiplexed Squid/Tes Array for Ninety Gigahertz 2 - future 90 Bolometer No Ground
SZA - Sunyaev- Zeldovich Array  2004-date
2004-date
continues 26-36 and 85-115 Interferometer No Ground
A service of the HEASARC and of the Astrophysics Science Division at NASA/GSFC
Goddard Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
HEASARC Director: Dr. Alan P. Smale
LAMBDA Director: Dr. David T. Chuss
NASA Official: Dr. David T. Chuss
Web Curator: Mr. Michael R. Greason