ABOUT LAMBDA

Foreground Data

Foreground

The data made available through this page have been superseded by the Effelsberg-Bonn HI survey and the GASS HI survey.
The Effelsberg-Bonn northern sky HI map is available here
and the HI4PI all-sky HI map made from a combination of Effelsberg-Bonn and GASS data is available here

Product Name
Dickey & Lockman HI Column Density
Coord. System
Galactic
Projection Type
HEALPix, nested, res 9 (Nside=512)
Resolution
survey dependent: ~0.5°- ~1°
Original Data Source
CDS (Leiden/Dwingaloo HI Survey) ADIL (Dickey & Lockman NHI map)

Description

This is a composite all-sky map of neutral hydrogen column density (NHI), formed from the Leiden/Dwingeloo survey data (Hartmann & Burton 1997) and the composite NHI map of Dickey & Lockman (1990). The two datasets are not matched in sensitivity or resolution; note that discontinuities exist in the constructed composite map. A pixel mask is provided to indicate which dataset was used for each location on the sky.

Hartmann & Burton provide a velocity integrated (-450 km/s < V_lsr < +400 km/s) HI brightness temperature map in Galactic coordinates, sampled every 0.5 degrees. This entire data set was converted to NHI by multiplying by their factor of 1.8224e18 K km s-1 cm-2 and then interpolated to pixel centers appropriate for HEALPix Nside=512. Since the Leiden/Dwingeloo survey does not have sky coverage for declinations < -30°, the lower resolution Dickey & Lockman map was also interpolated to HEALPix and used to fill in the coverage gap. The Dickey & Lockman NHI map is itself a composite of several surveys which had been merged and averaged onto 1° bins in Galactic coordinates. Their map includes emission between -250 km/s < V_lsr < 250 km/s (excluding the LMC and SMC).

More details can be found in:

" Atlas of Galactic Neutral Hydrogen",
Hartmann & Burton, 1997, Cambridge University Press

" Stray-radiation correction as applied to the Leiden/Dwingeloo survey of HI in the Galaxy",
Hartmann et al. 1996, A&AS 119, 115

" HI in the Galaxy",
Dickey & Lockman 1990 Ann. Rev. A&A, 28, 215

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A service of the HEASARC and of the Astrophysics Science Division at NASA/GSFC
Goddard Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
HEASARC Director: Dr. Alan P. Smale
LAMBDA Director: Dr. Eric R. Switzer
NASA Official: Dr. Eric R. Switzer
Web Curator: Mr. Michael R. Greason