Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe DR4

The data made available through this page has been updated. The most recent version of this data may be accessed through https://lambda.gsfc.nasa.gov/product/wmap/current/"

DR4 Loss Imbalance Templates

Coordinate System:
Projection Type:
HEALPix, nested, res 4 (Nside=16)
Download Links:

WMAP data processing takes into account the small transmission imbalance between the A side and the B side of the instrument. The imbalance has been measured for each radiometer using WMAP flight data, with an uncertainty of 20%. This uncertainty could lead to significant artifacts in the polarization skymaps. Spatial patterns in the Stokes Q and U maps that correspond to this uncertainty have been determined by comparing results of data simulations in which the transmission imbalance factors have been varied. See section 2.9 of Jarosik et al. (2010). In one case, a simulation with these factors increased by 20% for both radiometers in each DA was compared with a simulation using nominal values. In a second case, the imbalance was increased by 10% for radiometer 1 and decreased by 10% for radiometer 2 in each DA. This yielded two sets of Q,U templates, which we provide as HEALPix Nside=16 (Res 4) maps in mK for each DA. Section 3.5.1 of Jarosik et al. (2007) describes how these templates can be projected out of the inverse covariance matrices so that transmission imbalance uncertainty will not affect subsequent analyses. The calculation is done using

eq (27) of Jarosik et al. (eq (27) of Jarosik et al., 2007)
where Σ-1 is the 6144x6144 QU inverse covariance matrix for a given DA in mK-2 and v is the 6144 element QU transmission imbalance template for the DA in mK. In principle, template 1 and template 2 should each be projected out in this way but the two templates were found to be very similar for K1, Ka1, Q1, Q2, V1 and W3, so for its analysis the WMAP team projected out only template 1 for these DAs. Both templates were projected out for V2, W1, W2, and W4.

Additional Information

Back To WMAP DR4: Reduced Resolution Sky Maps

A service of the HEASARC and of the Astrophysics Science Division at NASA/GSFC
Goddard Space Flight Center, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
HEASARC Director: Dr. Andrew F. Ptak
LAMBDA Director: Dr. Thomas M. Essinger-Hileman
NASA Official: Dr. Thomas M. Essinger-Hileman
Web Curator: Mr. Michael R. Greason